India Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets
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India Fact Sheet

Capital New Delhi Currency Indian Rupee
Land Area 2, 973, 190 sq km Head of State President HE Shri Ram Nath Kovind
Official Language(s) Hindi, English Head of Government Prime Minister the Hon. Shri Narendra Modi
Population 1, 324 million (2016)    

Economic Indicators

(All figures in US$)

Indicator 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
GDP (US$ billion) (current prices) 1, 823.0 1, 828.1 1, 857.2 2, 033.5 2, 088.2
GDP per capita (US$) 1, 461.4 1, 446.8 1, 451.5 1, 570.0 1, 593.3
GDP PPP (Int’l $ bilion) (current prices) 5, 781.8 6, 211.3 6, 724.4 7, 336.2 8, 003.4
Real GDP growth (% change yoy) 6.6 5.5 6.5 7.2 7.9
Inflation (% change yoy) 8.9 9.3 10.9 6.7 4.9

Trade & Investment

(All figures in US$ million)

Indicator 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
India’s Total Trade 763,886,041 778,541,147 802,656,956 776,914,106 655,125,735
India’s Total Exports 301,483,250 289,564,769 336,611,389 317,544,642 264,381,004
India’s Total Imports 462,402,791 488,976,378 466,045,567 459,369,464 390,744,731

India’s Top 10 Export Destinations: United States of America, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan and Belgium

India’s Top 10 Import Sources: China, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United States of America, Switzerland, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Indonesia and Nigeria

  • FDI Investments: US $ 43.5 bn (April 2015 – March 2016)
  • FII Investments: US $ 7.8 bn (April 2016 – March 2017)
  • Foreign Exchange Reserves: US $ 394.55 bn (August 2017)
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  • Incredible India
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  • India At a Glance